Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity

  • 38 Pages
  • 2.96 MB
  • English
[s.n.], distributed by Almqvist & Wiksell , Go teborg, Stockholm
Body composition., Body weight., Obesity., Physical education and training -- Physiological ef
Statementby Lars Sullivan.
SeriesScandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine -- no. 5.
The Physical Object
Pagination38 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14142563M

Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity (Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine: Supplement:) [Lars Sullivan] on. Scand J Rehabil Med Suppl.

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; Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity. Sullivan L. PMID:Cited by: 4. Author(s): Sullivan,Lars Title(s): Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity/ by Lars Sullivan. Country of Publication: Sweden Publisher: Göteborg: [s.n.] ; Stockholm: distributed by Almqvist & Wiksell, Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity By Lars Sullivan Topics: Medicin AllmäntAuthor: Lars Sullivan.

Sullivan L () The effects of exercise in hyperplastic obesity with special reference to physical performance and hyperinsulinemia. Scand J Rehab Med [Suppl 5] pp 1–25 Sullivan L, Bjurö T, Krotkiewski M () Physical training in obese by:   Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a suspension training workout on physiologic and metabolic markers of intensity and performance.

Methods: Twelve male subjects ( ± years) participated in a minute whole body interval-based suspension training workout while connected to a metabolic cart. The regular practice of physical exercise has been show to have beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of blood hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and obesity.

Abstract. Knowledge on body composition is important both in health and in disease, especially when considering chronic (i.e., growing, ageing, pregnancy) and interventional (nutrition, exercise, physical training) biological processes, as well as in predicting, preventing and managing such modern chronic diseases as sarcopenia, obesity, type 2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome.

Pathophysiology of Bariatric Surgery: Metabolism, Nutrition, Procedures, Outcomes and Adverse Effects uses a metabolic and nutritional theme to explain the complex interrelationships between obesity and metabolic profiles before and after bariatric surgery.

The book is sectioned into seven distinct areas, Features of Obesity, Surgical Procedures, Nutritional Aspects, Metabolic Aspects. This field is an exciting field to work in because of the huge impact we can have as metabolic physiologists on the health and well-being of society, Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity book in the current epidemic of metabolic diseases such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cancer and heart disease.

Paul Meakin, Metabolic Physiology Theme Lead. cise training several times a week or more frequently, each of these physiologic systems undergoes specific adaptations that increase the body’s efficiency and capacity. The magnitude of these changes depends largely on the intensity and duration of the training sessions, the force or load used in training, and the body’s initial level of.

The purposes of the study are as follows: (i) to determine if exercise training facilitates the maintenance of weight loss by attenuating the reductions in resting metabolic rate, resting fat oxidation and/or fat oxidation in the 5-hour post-prandial period; and (ii) to prospectively compare the maintenance of weight loss and changes in body.

In The Physiology of Obesity you’ll learn the role of leptin, adiponectin, and the gut hormones in regulating body fat. You’ll also discover effects of cellular inflammation, insulin sensitivity, and appetite suppression on distribution of body fat.

Description Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity PDF

Kravitz presents the most current information on metabolic syndrome, the lactate threshold exercise prescription for optimal weight loss. The direct effects of physical activity interventions on energy expenditure are relatively small when placed in the context of total daily energy demands.

Hence, the suggestion has been made that exercise produces energetic benefits in other components of the daily energy budget, thus generating a n. Even though the rabbit experimental model has many similarities with human physiology and pathophysiology, it is not the most widely used experimental model in the literature when using physical training protocols in basic studies [1,9,13].

In this section we analyze the most common responses to physical exercise and training. Sullivan L.

Details Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity EPUB

Metabolic and physiologic effects of physical training in hyperplastic obesity. Scandinavian Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 38 (Suppl. 5): 1–38, Google Scholar. To determine the importance of physical activity for the above described common health problems [], only studies investigating the effect of physical activity on weight gain and obesity, CHD, type 2 diabetes mellitus and dementia and Alzheimer’s disease were included in this searched the electronic databases Pubmed, BASE and OVID for articles published between January and.

Gilliat-Wimberly, M, Manore, MM, Woolfe, K, Swan, PD & Carroll, SS () Effects of habitual physical activity on the resting metabolic rates and body compositions of women aged 35 to 50 years. Journal of the American Dietetic Association– Concordance between the endocrine and metabolic responses to physiologic and mental stress.

Determining the effects of various nutritional agents on physical and cognitive performance in Naval Special Warfare personnel. Preparation of a book for the Navy SEALs: The Navy SEAL Physical.

Introduction. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a constellation of symptoms, including obesity, hyperglycemia, decreased high‐density lipoprotein (HDL) levels, increased triglyceride (TG) levels, and high blood pressure, and also comprises risk factors for heart disease and other health problems such as diabetes and stroke (Magliano et al.

).Along with these risk factors, it has been. Hyperplastic obesity occurs: When there is an increase in the number of fat cells Most often in later childhood and puberty Can occur in adults if fat cell size is too large Hypertrophic obesity occurs: When there is an increase in the size of the fat cells Will occur in both children and adults.

Clinical Exercise Physiology, Third Edition, provides a comprehensive look at the clinical aspects of exercise physiology by thoroughly examining the relationship between exercise and chronic disease.

Updated and markedly revised throughout, this third edition reflects important changes that have occurred in the field. It provides professionals and students with fundamental knowledge of. Exercise challenges many human physiological systems that need to adapt in order to maintain homeostasis, this is the inner balance of the body.

While exercising, homeostasis is endangered by the increased amount of O2 and nutrients demand, the need to get rid of CO2 and metabolic waste products, rising body temperature and acid imbalance and.

Resveratrol and/or exercise training counteract aging-associated decline of physical endurance in aged mice; targeting mitochondrial biogenesis and function. The Journal of Physiological. In a recent review of CAD and metabolic syndrome, Otani [] suggested that aerobic exercise may be the most effective nonpharmacologic tool for metabolic syndrome management and this improvement occurs largely through oxidative stress modulation.

It is well known that physical exercise increases the antioxidant capacity of the exercised muscle, which in turn induces positive adaptive stimuli. Metabolic health in people with obesity is determined by body composition.

In this study, we examined the influence of a combined strength exercise and motivational programme –embedded in the school curriculum– on adolescents body composition and daily physical activity.

A total of adolescents (y) from nine Dutch secondary schools participated in a one year cluster. Hypertrophic obesity is also more strongly associated with insulin resistance and the metabolic complications than hyperplastic obesity. Recruitment of new fat cells is less common in adults, but when it occurs it is usually the type of obesity seen in individuals characterized as “obese but metabolically normal.”.

The United States is in the midst of a significant public health problem that relates to obesity and inactivity. This epidemic has far-ranging consequences for our workforce and our children and shows no signs of slowing in the near future.

Significant research has been performed on the effects of e. Metabolic effects of glycerol supplementation and aerobic physical training on Wistar rats. Eric Francelino Andrade, a Raquel Vieira Lobato, a Ticiana Vasques Araújo, a Débora Ribeiro Orlando, a Núbia Ferreira Gomes, a Renata Ribeiro Alvarenga, b Gustavo Puggina Rogatto, c Márcio Gilberto Zangeronimo, a Luciano José Pereira a.

Obesity has a negative effect on almost all of the major CVD risk factors, and adversely influences cardiovascular structure and function. of high levels of physical activity, exercise. The metabolic syndrome is a clustering of obesity, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension that is occurring in increasing frequency across the global population.

Although there is some controversy about its diagnostic criteria, oxidative stress, which is defined as imbalance between the production and inactivation of reactive oxygen species, has a major pathophysiological role in all the.typical Western diet increases their risk of obesity and metabolic disorders throughout the life-course, creating an intergenerational cycle of metabolic disease.

In Western countries, this epidemic of metabolic disease has coincided with a marked increase in the intake of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-6 PUFA), leading to suggestions that the two may be causally related.

Recent. Menopause is a risk factor for impaired glucose metabolism. Alternative treatment of estrogen for postmenopausal women is required. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of 5-week endurance running exercise (Ex) by treadmill on hyperglycemia and signal pathway components mediating glucose transport in ovariectomized (OVX) placebo-treated rats, compared .